In a plane electromagnetic wave travelling in free space, the electric field component oscillates sinusoidally at a frequency of \(2.0\times 10^{10}~ \mathrm{Hz}\) and amplitude \(48~\mathrm{Vm^{-1}}\). Then the amplitude of oscillating magnetic field is: (Speed of light in free space \(3\times 10^{8}~ \mathrm{ms^{-1}}\)  )
1. \(1.6 \times 10^{-6} \mathrm{~T}\)
2. \(1.6 \times 10^{-9} \mathrm{~T}\)
3. \(1.6 \times 10^{-8} \mathrm{~T}\)
4. \(1.6 \times 10^{-7} \mathrm{~T}\)
Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
 55%
From NCERT
NEET - 2023
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\(\varepsilon_0\) and \(\mu_0\) are the electric permittivity and magnetic permeability of free space respectively. If the corresponding quantities of a medium are \(2\varepsilon_0\) and \(1.5\mu_0\) respectively, the refractive index of the medium will nearly be:
1. \(\sqrt2\)
2. \(\sqrt3\)
3. \(3\)
4. \(2\)
Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
 77%
From NCERT
NEET - 2023
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To produce an instantaneous displacement current of \(2~\text{mA}\) in the space between the parallel plates of a capacitor of capacitance \(4~\mu\text{F}\), the rate of change of applied variable potential difference \(\left(\frac{dV}{dt}\right)\) must be:
1. \( 800~ \text{V} / \text{s} \)
2. \( 500~ \text{V} / \text{s} \)
3. \( 200~ \text{V} / \text{s} \)
4. \( 400 ~\text{V} / \text{s}\)
Subtopic:  Displacement Current |
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From NCERT
NEET - 2023
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Match List - I with List - II.
List -I (Electromagnetic waves) List - II (Wavelength)
(a) AM radio waves (i) \(10^{-10}~\text{m}\)
(b) Microwaves (ii) \(10^{2} ~\text{m}\)
(c) Infrared radiation (iii) \(10^{-2} ~\text{m}\)
(d) \(X\)-rays (iv) \(10^{-4} ~\text{m}\)

Choose the correct answer from the options given below:
(a) (b) (c) (d)
1. (ii) (iii) (iv) (i)
2. (iv) (iii) (ii) (i)
3. (iii) (ii) (i) (iv)
4. (iii) (iv) (ii) (i)
Subtopic:  Electromagnetic Spectrum |
 70%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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When light propagates through a material medium of relative permittivity, \(\epsilon_{r}\) and relative permeability, \(\mu_{r}\) the velocity of light, \(v\) is given by:
(\(\text{c}\) = velocity of light in vacuum)
1. \(v=\frac{{c}}{\sqrt{\epsilon_{r} \mu_{{r}}}}\)
2. \(v={c}\)
3. \(v=\sqrt{\frac{\mu_{{r}}}{\epsilon_{{r}}}}\)
4. \(v=\sqrt{\frac{\epsilon_{{r}}}{\mu_{{r}}}}\)
Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
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From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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If \(\lambda_X,\lambda_I,\lambda_M\) and \(\lambda_\gamma\) are the wavelengths of \(X\)-rays, infrared rays, microwaves and \(\gamma\)-rays respectively, then:

1. \(\lambda_\gamma<\lambda_X<\lambda_I<\lambda_M\)
2. \(\lambda_M<\lambda_I<\lambda_X<\lambda_\gamma\)
3. \(\lambda_X<\lambda_\gamma<\lambda_M<\lambda_I\)
4. \(\lambda_X<\lambda_I<\lambda_\gamma<\lambda_M\)
Subtopic:  Electromagnetic Spectrum |
 81%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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An electromagnetic wave is moving along negative \(\text{z (-z)}\) direction and at any instant of time, at a point, its electric field vector is \(3\hat j~\text{V/m}\). The corresponding magnetic field at that point and instant will be: (Take \(c=3\times10^{8}~\text{ms}^{-1}\) )
1. \(10\hat i~\text{nT}\)
2. \(-10\hat i~\text{nT}\)
3.  \(\hat i~\text{nT}\)
4. \(-\hat i~\text{nT}\)

Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
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From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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The magnetic field of a plane electromagnetic wave
is given by, 
\(\vec B=3\times10^{-8}\text{cos}(1.6\times10^3x+48\times10^{10}t)\hat j~\text{T}.\)
The associated electric field will be:
1. \(3 \times 10^{-8} \text{cos}\left(1.6 \times 10^3 x+48 \times 10^{10} t\right) \hat{i}~\text{ V/m}\)
2. \(3 \times 10^{-8} \text{sin} \left(1.6 \times 10^3 {x}+48 \times 10^{10} {t}\right) \hat{{i}}~ \text{V} / \text{m}\)
3. \(9 \text{sin} \left(1.6 \times 10^3 {x}-48 \times 10^{10} {t}\right) \hat{{k}} ~~\text{V} / \text{m}\)
4. \(9 \text{cos} \left(1.6 \times 10^3 {x}+48 \times 10^{10} {t}\right) \hat{{k}}~~\text{V} / \text{m}\)
Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
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From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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The ratio of the magnitude of the magnetic field and electric field intensity of a plane electromagnetic wave in free space of permeability \(\mu_0\) and permittivity \(\varepsilon_0\) is:
(Given that \(c=\) velocity of light in free space)
1.  \(c\)
2.  \(\frac1c\)
3.  \(\frac{c}{\sqrt{\mu_0\varepsilon_0}}\)
4.  \(\frac{\sqrt{\mu_0\varepsilon_0}}{c}\)
Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
 57%
From NCERT
NEET - 2022
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For a plane electromagnetic wave propagating in the \(x\)-direction, which one of the following combinations gives the correct possible directions for the electric field \((E)\) and magnetic field \((B)\) respectively?
1. \(\hat{j}+\hat{k},~-\hat{j}-\hat{k}\)
2. \(-\hat{j}+\hat{k},~-\hat{j}+\hat{k}\)
3. \(\hat{j}+\hat{k},~\hat{j}+\hat{k}\)
4. \(-\hat{j}+\hat{k},~-\hat{j}-\hat{k}\)

Subtopic:  Properties of EM Waves |
From NCERT
NEET - 2021
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